Baikal-GVD will help scientists study the history of the universe
Over the weekend, Russian scientists lowered a series of detectors between 2,500 and 4,300 feet below the surface of Lake Baikal (via Phys.org), Engadget said.
Together, those sensors form the Baikal-Gigaton Volume Detector, the largest underwater space telescope in the northern hemisphere.
It will help scientists study neutrinos. While one of the most abundant particles in the universe, neutrinos are also the smallest currently known to humans.
They can also travel great distances without interacting with any other forms of matter.
Those factors make them difficult to find and study, however, they will teach US loads concerning the history of the universe.
A joint project between Russia, Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and therefore the Czech Republic, construction on Baikal-GVD started in 2015. the particular ‘telescope’ consists of many spherical modules made from glass and chrome steel connected to the surface through a collection of cables.
Those sensors presently occupy a part activity of 17,657 boxy feet. Over time, the arrangement is to feature additional sensors to create the telescope even bigger. As to why they might place those modules underwater, it’s a helpful medium for police investigation neutrinos and Lake Baikal has a heap of it.
Settled in South Siberia, it’s one in every of the world’s largest and deepest fresh lakes. It’s additionally pristine and coated by ice for a minimum of 2 months of the year.
There aren’t several places in the world that are as ideal for this sort of analysis as Lake Baikal. the sole two alternative telescopes that match it in scale are the Ice Cube lepton Observatory in Antarctica and the ANTARES telescope deep underwater within the Mediterranean Sea.
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